Saving the Mediterranean forests
Arboreal is creating the Mediterranean Green Belt, restoring forests in the Mediterranean. The Mediterranean Green Belt will represent the major green infrastructure of southern Europe and one of the largest forest restoration initiatives in the Mediterranean. The Mediterranean Green Belt currently includes Spain and the south of France up to the border with Italy. It will gradually extend to other Mediterranean countries.
Restoring Mediterranean forests is urgent
The Mediterranean is the most visited region in the world. It has an important natural heritage and a unique ecosystem. But it is also a region that suffers the most from climate change.Temperatures have increased by 1.3°C—20% above the global average. Sea level has already risen by 6 cm and will rise by 50 cm before 2100. Desertification is turning whole regions into desert. 95% of fires in Europe take place in the Mediterranean. One in five animal species is threatened with extinction. The olive trees that give their oil to the world will be gone in 100 years.
Next forest restorations
Next restorations will take place along the Spanish coast. Spain’s forests cover more than half of the territory, the highest proportion of any Mediterranean country. However, they suffer from fires, long droughts and loss of biodiversity. A large-scale reforestation of burned forests will take place in the Intercontinental Biosphere Reserve of the Mediterranean, near Marbella, in Andalusia. The reserve is protected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). The soil struggles to recover and animal life is disrupted. Walking in the area causes deep sadness at the sight of the missing life.
Protecting nature is the best way to invest in our future
“Global challenges like climate change, the unprecedented loss of biodiversity, and the spread of devastating pandemics are sending a clear message: it’s time to fix our broken relationship with nature.” Ursula von der Leyen, President of the European Commission
WE ALL DEPEND ON FORESTS. FORESTS NEED US ALL
An international commitment
2030 is considered as the last deadline to curb climate change, restore forests globally, reach neutrality in land degradation and protect biodiversity. The Mediterranean Green Belt actively participates in the objective of the Mediterranean countries to restore 8 million hectares of forests by 2030, encompassing 4 billon trees, to the UN Declaration calling for the restoration of 350 million hectares of forests worldwide by 2030, to the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration 2021-2030 and to the Biodiversity Strategy 2030 of the European Union. To protect Mediterranean forests we have already restored 75,000 hectares of forests in Spain—the equivalent of 105,000 football fields—and planted 47 million trees, with a United Nations campaign.
How we restore
Restoring forests brings back life to a global ecosystem with vegetation, animals, soil, atmosphere. Restoration consists of helping naturally-born shoots, taking care of sick trees, doing works to stop fires, erosion, desertification and planting trees when necessary. The recovery of the vegetation cover of degraded soils is also essential. Forest soil absorbs twice as much CO2 as trees, supports a great richness of life and enables terrestrial ecosystems to function.
We all depend on forests
Forests need us all